Confused with how to convert cake pan sizes? In this article, I’ve outlined how to easily swap one pan out for another. Plus, I’ve included a free printable for you to keep on hand in your own kitchen!

I get a lot of questions on the blog about converting cake pan sizes. Whether you’re a seasoned baker or just starting out, adjusting recipes to fit cake pans other than what a recipe calls for can be confusing. Let’s say, for example, you want to make a batch of caramel brownies and the recipe calls for an 8×8-inch pan. You look through your kitchen cabinets and realize all you have are 9×9-inch and 9×13-inch pans. How do you alter the recipe to make enough batter for a different pan size?

Fortunately, converting cake pan sizes is simple; all it takes is a little bit of basic math (don’t worry, I promise it’s not difficult). In this article, I’m going to teach you how to convert any recipe for any cake pan size and provide pointers on how to substitute one pan for another – without doing any math at all.

## Tips on converting cake pan sizes

To get started, here are some basic tips to follow anytime you convert a pan size for a recipe:

• You can always use a smaller pan. You can easily make a recipe with a smaller pan size than what the recipe calls for – just expect to have some batter leftover.
• Don’t overfill the pan with batter. It’s always best to not fill a pan more than 3/4 of the way full with batter, so if you end up with more than this after converting a recipe, it’s best to make a mini version in a different pan, or simply not use the remaining batter.
• Tweak the baking time. Expect longer baking time for larger pans with more batter and faster baking times for smaller ones with less batter.
• Weigh your ingredients. This is the best way to get accurate measurements for any recipe.
• Stick with springform pans for cheesecakes. Cheesecakes typically bake better in springform pans with tall sides, so it’s best to convert one springform pan size for another. In addition, you’ll want to use a springform pan for cheesecakes so you can remove the sides once it’s chilled.

## Common baking pan alternatives

Below I’ve included a chart with common pan alternatives. I’ve also included a free printable to keep on hand in your own kitchen.

Remember that you don’t want to overfill your pan with batter. Sometimes when you convert a pan size, you may have leftover batter, but don’t fill your pan more than 3/4 of the way. And if using a slightly larger pan than what the original recipe calls for, note that the cake may be a bit shorter.

## Ok, so how do you precisely convert cake pan sizes?

There are two methods to adjusting recipes for different size cake pans: by area or by volume. Whichever way you go, you’ll need to determine the area or volume of:

• The pan the recipe calls for
• The pan you want to use

Here’s how to use simple math to find the area and volume of your pans. For standard pan sizes, like squares, rectangles, and round, I highly recommend sticking with finding the area. Because they are usually the same height, the area is the most important factor in determining how much batter you’ll need.

However, using volume to convert recipes works better for more irregular sized pans because the heights are entirely different. Loaf and Bundt pans, for example, are about half the area of 8-inch and 9-inch square pans, but the sides are taller so usually you can substitute one for another.

The most important thing to note is that you can always round up when converting a recipe – you may just have some leftover batter.

### Method 1: Find the area

Area of common pan sizes

Here’s an easy-to-read chart for reference before we get started.

Square pans

8 x 8 inch = 64 square inches
9 x 9 inch = 81 square inches
10 x 10 inch = 100 square inches

Rectangular pan

11 x 7 = 77 square inches
13 x 9 = 117 square inches

Round pans

6-inch round = 29 square inches
8-inch round = 50 square inches
9-inch round = 64 square inches

Springform pan

9-inch round = 64 square inches
10-inch round = 79 square inches

Loaf Pans

8.5 x 4.5 x 2.5 inches = 38 square inches
9 × 5 x 3 inches = 45 square inches

Remember geometry class when you had to learn how to find the area of different shapes? Those skills are about to be incredibly useful.

To convert cake pan sizes based on area, you need to figure out the area of the pan you have and the area of the pan the recipe calls for. Then, determine the difference and multiply each ingredient amount by that number (I swear it’s easier than it sounds).

The two basic math formulas you need to know are:

• The area of squares and rectangles is length x width.
• The area of a circle is pi (remember pi? It’s equivalent to 3.14) times the radius squared (A = πr2).

Let’s look at an example of a recipe that calls for an 8×8-inch pan:

To figure out the area of an 8×8 square inch pan, we need to do the following equation:

8×8=64 square inches.

But if all you have is a 13×9-inch pan, what do you do? That’s right, find the area!

13×9=117 square inches.

The recipe makes enough for 64 square inches (the area of an 8×8-inch pan). The next step is to divide the area of the pan you have by the area of the pan that the recipe calls for. So:

117÷64=1.82.

Therefore, you need to multiply every ingredient amount by 1.82 to proportionally convert the recipe for the 13×9-inch pan size (this number is commonly referred to as the decimal factor). However, 1.82 is very close to 2, so to make your life easier, you could simply double the recipe, knowing you’ll have some batter leftover.

Not to worry! It’s truly easier than it sounds, I promise. Let’s say you want to make the same recipe but all you have is a 6-inch round pan. Take the equation to find the area of a circle: A = πr2. The radius of a 6 inch pan is 3. So insert it into the following equation:

3.14(3)² = 28.26, which we can round up to 29 square inches.

In this case, the pan you want to bake in has a smaller area than the 8×8-inch pan the recipe calls for. So what do you do? Divide! Take the size of the pan you have and divide by the size of the pan in the recipe:

29÷64 = .45

You’ll need to multiply every ingredient by a decimal factor of .45 to determine how much of each you’ll need for a 6-inch round pan. Or, simply half the recipe because .45 is so close to .5.

Tip: If you take a look at the area measurements above, you’ll notice that some pans have the same area. For example, both 8×8-inch square pans and 9-inch round pans have areas of 64 square inches. So if this is all you have, you’re in luck! No math required. Simply follow the recipe as it is.

### Method 2: Find the volume

Here’s an easy-to-read chart of the volumes of common pan sizes.

Square pans

8 x 8-inch = 8 cups (1.9 liters)
9 x 9-inch = 10 cups (2.3 liters)
10 x 10-inch = 12 cups (2.8 liters)

Rectangular pans

11 × 7-inch = 10 cups (2.4 liters)
13 × 9-inch = 14 cups (3.3 liters)

Round pans

6 × 2-inch = 4 cups (960ml)
8 × 2-inch = 6 cups (1.4 liters)
9 × 2-inch = 8 cups (1.9 liters)

Springform pans

9 x 2.5-inch = 10 cups (2.4 liters)
10 x 2.5-inch = 12 cups (2.8 liters)

Loaf pans

9 × 5-inch = 8 cups (1.9 liters)

Bundt pan

10 × 3.5 in (25 x 9 cm) = 12 cups (2.5 liters)

To determine the volume of a pan, I’m going to give you the simplest method possible. Ready? Fill a pan with water using a cup measurer and see how many cups fit, For example, if it fills with about 6 cups, that’s the volume! This method works better for irregular sized pans, like loaf and Bundt pans, since the area is more difficult to calculate.

However, you can calculate it mathematically, too. Converting the recipe from one pan size to another by volume follows the same protocol as by area.

Let’s use the same example as above to show how you can get the same results. An 8×8-inch square pan is equivalent to 8 liquid cups. If you want to bake the recipe in a 13×9-inch square pan (14 liquid cups), divide the volume of the pan you have by the volume of the pan the recipe calls for:

14÷8 = 1.75.

This is virtually the same as 1.82, which was the result when converting the same pan sizes by area.

## Ok, this makes sense. But what about eggs?

This is when having a scale comes in handy. It’s impossible to figure out what .6 of an egg is without a scale. Of course, you can eyeball it if you don’t have one, but for accuracy’s sake, I highly recommend weighing your ingredients.

If your decimal factor is .6, and the recipe calls for 2 eggs, here’s how you would figure out how much egg to use:

1) Crack two eggs in a bowl and weigh them. 1 large egg weighs 50-60g, so let’s say the total weight is 110g.

2) Multiply 110g x .6, which equals 66g. This is the total amount of egg you need for your adjusted recipe.

See? Not so hard.

Do you still have questions? Feel free to ask them in the comments below! I also highly recommend downloading the free printable I’ve included below to keep as a kitchen resource. Happy baking!

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• November 1, 2022 at 10:30 am

11 by 7 rectangles is 77 not 117. I know it’s just a typo, but you might want to change it. Thanks.

• November 1, 2022 at 10:30 am

Very, very useful. Thanks for posting these.

• November 2, 2022 at 4:48 am

Hi JJ, so glad you find the article helpful! And thank you for pointing out the typo – it’s been corrected 🙂